Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical that is extracted from the cannabis plant. CBD Oil may help with some menopause symptoms.
CBD is one of the more than 100 cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. Unlike a better known cannabinoid, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD does not produce a euphoric high.
CBD isn't psychoactive, meaning it can affect a person's mood, but it's not harmful or high.
Like any natural transition, menopause can be accompanied by uncomfortable changes, including hot flashes, insomnia, and mood swings. Researchers have studied many herbal and natural remedies for these symptoms and have come up with varying results.
There has been a lot of interest recently in the potential benefits of CBD, and some research suggests that it can relieve certain symptoms of menopause.
However, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has this use of CBD flowers Not approved yet. So far, the only approved uses are in the treatment of two rare forms of epilepsy, with approval granted in June 2018.
Although CBD has become a popular alternative treatment and some people may find it effective for menopausal symptoms, there is currently no scientific evidence of its use.
How could CBD oil affect menopause?
The endocannabinoid system is a collection of cell receptors called cannabinoid receptors in the brain, other organs, and tissues throughout the body.
This system plays an important role in menopause, and cannabis and CBD affect the way it works. In theory, this means that cannabis and CBD could influence the effects of menopause on the body.
Cannabinoid receptors are involved in:
- of mood regulation
- the functioning of the immune system
- Fertility and reproduction
- Temperature regulation
One theory suggests that a malfunctioning endocannabinoid system can lead to a variety of health conditions. By affecting the functioning of the endocannabinoid system, chemicals like CBD can help treat these conditions.
There are cannabinoid receptors throughout the female reproductive system, and menopause appears to disrupt the endocannabinoid system. For these reasons, it is possible that CBD oil could alleviate some menopausal symptoms.
What menopausal symptoms can it treat?
There are no studies that have looked directly into the effects of CBD on people going through menopause. That means researchers aren't sure if it works or is a safe option.
However, various studies have looked at the effects of CBD on certain symptoms in other groups of people.
For example, a 2020 study concluded that CBD can help relieve chronic pain, improve sleep, and reduce inflammation. However, these effects have been seen in people with specific health problems, not people going through menopause.
There's no evidence that CBD oil can relieve all menopause symptoms, but it might help with:
The risk of developing depression and anxiety is higher during menopause, which may be due to changes in hormones, other menopausal symptoms, or both.
Studies in animals, including a review of related research in mice published in 2014, have shown that CBD can reduce the effects of depression and anxiety.
However, as the authors of a 2020 review note, there is very limited research in humans.
They point out that there are few case studies in which individual people with a history of depression have reported improvements after taking CBD.
They also refer to a text on the packaging of the FDA-approved CBD supplement Epidiolex, which lists depression and thoughts of suicide as possible side effects.
Many people report having difficulty getting quality sleep during menopause, and this problem can have a significant impact on daily life.
According to a 2020 magazine, endocannabinoids play a role in the sleep-wake cycle. This suggests that CBD can affect sleep.
The researchers point to the few, limited studies on CBD and sleep in humans. The results of these studies suggest that higher doses of CBD may have a calming effect.
It is therefore possible that CBD oil may help treat sleep disorders related to menopause - but there is no conclusive evidence.
Loss of bone density
After menopause, people begin to lose bone mass. Osteoporosis affects 1 in 4 women aged 65 years and older.
Low bone density can increase your risk of fractures, so it is important to get it treated.
A 2008 animal study found that CBD interacted with a cannabinoid receptor that may have a role in bone density loss. CBD may therefore be able to reduce the rate of bone density loss that can occur during menopause.
However, this has not been proven in humans - there is no research showing that CBD improves bone density loss during menopause.
Hemp and hemp-derived products with a THC content of less than 0,2% are legal under the 2018 Agriculture Act.
However, the legal status of CBD and other cannabinoids varies by state. If a person in the US wants to try CBD, they can check local laws here.
Security and Risks
CBD is generally well tolerated, but can cause side effects such as diarrhea, nausea, and drowsiness.
CBD can also have negative effects when mixed with certain drugs and supplements, especially those that can interact with grapefruit.
It can also affect the metabolism or breakdown of drugs in the body.
CBD products can be purchased without a prescription. However, these products do not have FDA approval - they are not regulated by the FDA in the same way that drugs are.
This means that there is no way of knowing whether the product is safe. Many over-the-counter products without this type of regulation do not contain the ingredients listed on the label. For these reasons, it is particularly important to do your research and find a quality product.
Other strategies and treatments
The Office on Women's Health suggests that staying active, maintaining good sleep hygiene, and finding ways to reduce stress can help relieve menopausal symptoms.
In the meantime, hormone replacement therapy can specifically help relieve symptoms such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and mood swings.
Anyone who has depression or anxiety can contact a doctor or mental health professional for assistance.
Many people use natural remedies for menopausal symptoms, including:
- Black cohosh
- Red clover
Some find these drugs provide relief, but they are not FDA cleared menopausal treatments, and research into their effectiveness has yielded mixed results.
There is currently very little reliable evidence that CBD oil can relieve symptoms of menopause.
Researchers are only just beginning to understand how the endocannabinoid system works and what role it can play in various aspects of health.
More research is needed to validate the theories about the role of CBD in menopause. Only then can the medical community determine if CBD oil is of any benefit during menopause.